Driving a car in winter has certain differences from driving in the warm season. Weather conditions in the cold season dictate their own conditions, make driving more difficult. The percentage of accidents increases. Consider how to drive correctly in winter, and how to avoid getting into an accident through negligence. If you drove your car improperly in the winter and had an accident that rendered the car unusable, take it in for recycling: https://scrapcar.cash.
Unfavorable factors, provoking an increased danger during winter driving, are the following reasons:
Cold air. In freezing temperatures, starting an engine is not as easy as it is in the summer. The ability of the air-diesel mixture to ignite is reduced. The frost causes the windshield to become covered with ice. It’s hard to clean, and many drivers clear a small area and hit the road, which you should not do. In winter it dawns late and darkens early, just in these hours the number of motorists on the road becomes more. Poor visibility due to limited visibility, lack of lighting can lead to unpleasant consequences in the form of an accident.
Intense snowfall. Fluffy flakes of falling snow look very beautiful, but carry a great danger to the driver. Heavy snowfall creates a blanket, significantly impairing vision, almost nullifying visibility. Drivers find it difficult to see, and reaction times are slower. Also, snow quickly rolls down the road, making the roadway very slippery. If you exceed the speed limit, aggressive driving style, there is a great risk of flying into a ditch.
Ice. Dangerous for the motorists of the natural phenomenon. Thin crust of ice is often invisible, especially in the dark. Braking in such a situation is difficult, the car continues to slide forward, not actually reducing the speed.
Rules of safe winter driving
Drivers with a lot of experience call driving in winter a special kind of art. For novice drivers, ice on the road and snowfalls that make driving difficult become a serious challenge. These factors make many drivers wonder if it’s worth taking a personal car out in the winter season. Many stick to the practice of preserving the car in the garage, or simply leave the car outside all winter. Driving a car in winter can be accident-free if you observe a certain set of safety measures:
Be sure to prepare your vehicle for the winter season in advance. Change tires from summer to winter, fill the washer tank with antifreeze, keep a supply of antifreeze in the car. Do not skimp on the quality of winter tires. They must provide reliable traction. Make sure the battery is working properly, and replace it if necessary. Lubricate the lock levers with silicone grease to prevent problems opening them.
Check the wipers and headlights for proper operation before driving. Be sure to drive with the lights on.
If possible, do not leave the vehicle on the handbrake for a long time. Brake pads may freeze to the drum in cold weather.
Ventilate the car interior at night. This helps reduce the amount of ice on the windshield and windshield wiper blades that forms overnight.
Completely clear your car of snow. Snow left on the body distorts perception of dimensions. Snow left on the roof of the car may drift onto the windshield during driving, blocking visibility.
Do not forget that the presence of ABS, ESP systems is not a guarantee of full control over the car. The systems are called to improve steerability of the car, but cannot give hundred-percent result in case of skidding or speeding.
Hard braking increases the danger of winter driving. Wheels can block, there will be a loss of control over the vehicle. Take into account that the braking distance in winter is longer than in summer, especially with ABS. Brake carefully, smoothly. If the wheels are blocked – release the brake pedal, reduce speed by frequent, intermittent pressings on the brake pedal.
Maintain a calm, smooth driving style. Abrupt, aggressive maneuvers can cause your car to lose control and skid.
Try to avoid overtaking on a slippery road. It is especially important when there are snow-covered lanes. You cannot see any ice under a snow cover, and your car may drift sideways, which may lead to complete loss of controllability.
When driving uphill, do not shift gears. Shifting may cause the wheels to spin.
Give priority to engine braking when driving downhill. If you have a manual transmission, engage the downshift in advance, before starting the descent.
Do not forget to reduce speed in front of crosswalks and in places with a high concentration of people walking. They may slip, not have time to react, get under the wheels.
Keep the distance. Always leave a sufficient interval for maneuvering between your car and the car ahead.
Do not break the set speed limit.